I know it’s been forever since we’ve chatted, but Oklahoma is sporting a very cool and wet spring. Until now, there hasn’t been much progress to report in the vegetable garden. I harvested peas and mache–corn salad–for supper tonight. I also have some radishes and several other varieties of lettuce. Not much production outside of that. In the few warm days we had, my spinach and tatsoi bolted. I ate them anyway and gave some to the chickens.
Variegated ‘Alaska’ nasturtiums
I planted all of my tomatoes. Some didn’t appreciate the cooler weather, and the rain washed one away. Part of the larger vegetable garden is on a hill. I guess I didn’t plant it in the ground securely enough. Things happen. Gardeners kill plants, and then we buy more. We learn not to weep over small deaths, like when a cutworm or rain removes one of your plants for you.
A strange and beautiful pea blossom on my snow peas.
I’ve been using the Jobe’s organic all purpose fertilizer in the vegetable garden when I dig holes to transplant. I just work it into the soil. I like it because it’s granulated and doesn’t blow around. I’ll give the tomatoes, eggplants and peppers another dose when they start blooming. I also like Jobe’s tomato food.
View of the large veggie and cutting garden. The plants are still very small.
I planted the ‘Glass Gem’ corn Carol from May Dreams Gardens sent me. I also made half of my large vegetable garden a cutting garden because three people don’t need such a large a vegetable garden. Remember I have the potager too. In the cutting garden, I sowed seeds of cosmos, several kinds of zinnias and sunflowers, celosia, nicotiana and red amaranth. This week I thinned the plants so they have room to grow. You might notice, above, that we used horse panel fencing cut in half instead of chicken wire around the garden. The chicken wire was so flexible it was hard to keep the garden edge trimmed. Plus, we tore up the chicken wire with the weed eater. We hope this arrangement will be easier. The red okra is up and growing. It has its first true leaves. I also planted vining and bush green beans. That garden is on a hill which explains why one tomato plant couldn’t hold on. You can see the slant of the vegetable garden in the background of the photo below.
New garden cart with assorted plants and fertilizer.
My orange tree is performing well. I have tiny oranges on it.
Tiny orange on my potted tree of Republic of Texas.
I overwintered it in the greenhouse, and I was afraid I would lose it to black aphids. I began spraying with Neem oil and another organic spray to save it. I also doused it with water twice a day first to try and convince the aphids to take a hike. I barely kept them under control, and at one point, the tree lost most of its leaves. It still leafed back out and bloomed. This is one tough orange tree. Once the pot was outside, everything settled down, and it’s performing well. Lady beetles are the best garden aphid eliminators.
Ruby Swiss chard. Isn’t it pretty?
We’ve received more than fourteen inches of rain in the month of May so far. It is raining again today, rain is forecast for the entire Memorial Day weekend. My plants and I need more sun, but I won’t complain. The spigot will soon be switched to the off position. In the meantime, I plan to soak up all this moisture. Oklahoma has been too dry for too long.
Rain chain flowing with water in Oklahoma is a sight to see.
Tomatoes, garlic, eggplant, corn and a few potatoes are all stacked on the kitchen counter in one great tomato palooza.
Tomatoes, tomatoes everywhere! It’s more than an abundant harvest at this Oklahoma red dirt ranch. It’s a tomato palooza, all because the head gardener and planner made a rookie mistake even though she’s gardened for 30+ years. You would think that someone who wrote The 20-30 Something Garden Guide: A No-Fuss, Down and Dirty, Gardening 101 for Anyone Who Wants to Grow Stuff wouldn’t have fallen for the oldest trick in the world, but she did. I confess. I overplanted, and here’s how it happened. I always start seeds for tomatoes, peppers and eggplant along with flowers I can’t find locally in the spring . I also buy two or three tomato plants from my local nursery, like ‘Rutgers’, ‘Big Beef’ and ‘Supersteak’, proven varieties that perform especially well in Oklahoma. So, I usually plant about twenty tomato plants in total, some are determinate and others indeterminate. That way, I get a good crop of tomatoes all at once which makes my mother happy, and I also get a steady harvest from the indeterminates over the entire season.
‘Black Krim’ tomato sliced and ready to eat.
However, this year, I got sucked into the happy neurosis of seed starting by names like ‘Pink Furry Boar’, ‘Black Krim’ and ‘Sherry’s Sweetheart.’ When all these young plants I’d nurtured from their first days grew into larger seedlings, I managed to whittle things down to three plants apiece. You can only imagine how hard it is to cull seedlings, one-by-one, but I did it. Unfortunately, it wasn’t enough. Here are the varieties I grew this year excluding the three or four plants I bought at my local nursery. I’ll give you my quick reviews next to each variety. First, the cherry tomatoes:
‘Black Cherry’–Absolutely delicious. Makes larger fruit than some of the other cherry varieties and a little less yield, but cherry tomatoes always produce too much anyway.
‘Sungold F-1’–Still one of the best yellow tomatoes ever produced. Delicious sweet flavor. Beautiful color.
‘Sweet 100 F-1’–Classic tomato flavor. Red fruit. Huge yield.
‘Sweet Gold F-1’–More orange than golden once ripe. Larger fruit than on ‘Sungold’ and sweeter. Delicious.
Then, there are the oddities:
‘Pink Furry Boar’–Super cute, medium-sized pink tomato. Taste is pretty good and skin is delicate. Not my absolute favorite tomato though. Probably won’t grow it again.
‘Sherry’s Sweet Heart‘–Red fruit is distinctly pointed on the bottom and somewhat heart shaped. The taste is good. I might grow it again. However, ‘Lumpy Red’ tomato will probably win out next year.
‘Purple Dragon’–Prettiest tomato I’ve ever grown. When ripe, it’s purple near the stem and golden yellow on bottom. See below.
‘Purple Dragon’ tomato is the size of a medium egg and is the prettiest tomato I’ve ever grown.
‘Rutgers’–After some research, I see that the ‘Rutgers’ I’m growing may not be the one I grew a few years ago. It’s done okay anyway. Nice, round red fruits with a good acid balance. I like slightly acidic tomatoes. You may like super sweet ones. Pick accordingly. I’m also making a note here to try ‘Ramapo‘ next year. I wonder if it will become another favorite. It’s considered the true Jersey tomato.
‘Black Krim’–Huge fruits that are black to pinkish when ripe. ‘Black Krim’ has really outdone itself this year producing a ton of fruit. The taste is very good and sweeter than I usually like. However, it’s a beautiful tomato and performs well in hot summers.
‘Abe Lincoln’ –Consistently round, medium sized, red fruits. Excellent producer. Fruit has slightly tough skin, but delicious and acidic. Old-time tomato taste. It’s an heirloom and indeterminate so expect fruit over a long period.
The perfect weekend breakfast, two slices of whole grain toast, two poached eggs and a ‘St. Pierre’ tomato sliced.
‘Roma’–Very disappointed in this one. It has consistently had blossom end rot where none of the other tomatoes have. I won’t be growing the plain ‘Roma’ anymore. I’ll replace it with another Italian tomato.
‘Super Sioux’–Good, basic slicer. Taste is very good. Nice round tomatoes, medium size. Plants are considered semi-determinate. I can attest that this tomato does perform well in hot and dry conditions. I often grow it.
‘Saint Pierre’–Wins hands down as the best tomato I’ve grown this year. It is a French salad tomato, and I bought the seeds from Franchi Seeds of Italy. I can’t say enough nice things about this wonderful red tomato. It’s isn’t a huge slicer, but the flavor is good and production is superb. The fruit is on the smallish side, but don’t have a tons of seeds and would be good for canning.
Now, add to this three or four tomato plants I couldn’t resist at the store. You see what happened. I have five rows with eight tomatoes each. That’s a lot of plants so it’s a tomato palooza at my house right now, and I don’t even mind. I’m giving fruit away, and I’m freezing some for winter too. This post is part of our Dear Friend and Gardener Virtual Garden Club series. Join us if you’d like. Link back to the badge, and I’ll add you to the clubhouse. Meanwhile, Carol at May Dreams Gardens has a postcard from her garden. Just check out the vegetable haul she had.
If you’re already tired of watering those containers on your deck or patio, install a drip irrigation system. Summer containers thirst for drip irrigation. Because we have more than twenty containers on our back deck, we used two kits from our local box store when we installed our drip system.
Even strawberries in a large container like this whiskey barrel benefit from drip irrigation.
I couldn’t grow these blueberries in containers without drip irrigation. These have overwintered on my back deck for three seasons.
More summer garden tips:
Use large containers. The whiskey barrel, above, is ideal.
Fertilize now with a balanced, organic fertilizer. You can use a manure or compost tea, or you can sprinkle dry organic fertilizer on top of potting soil. Containers leach out nutrients because they are watered every day–sometimes, twice a day.
Pick any fruit as soon as possible to keep plants bearing and disease free.
Place compost or other biodegradable mulch at the base of plants to keep roots cool and comfortable.
Stake or tie up any vegetables wandering onto the ground beneath your containers to prevent damage and disease.
Watch our for insects. Caterpillars and worms are very likely mid-summer. So are striped potato beetles. Frass is an indication that problems are afoot.
I hope these tips keep your containers happy for the rest of the summer. Install drip irrigation for best results.
I have so much to tell you for the vegetable garden update this month. It has rained almost weekly in Oklahoma since late spring. These aren’t true drought busters, but still good news for the vegetables, herbs and fruit grown in the potager and the rest of the garden. It’s bad news for grassy weeds. They’re growing like . . . well, weeds, and keeping up with them is more work than almost any gardener can do.
Pole beans climbing the teepee.
The green bean harvest is ongoing, but I planted squash late to avoid squash bugs. The little plants are up , but still small. There are also two kinds of melons growing, one being ‘Collective Farm Woman.’ I also noticed in the larger veggie garden, i.e., the jungle, that I have volunteer watermelons. This happens when you grow heirlooms.
Some of the French green beans I’ve harvested.
The garlic is ready or nearly so. I’ll harvest it next week. The potatoes in bags have been very successful in spite of all the traveling I’ve done this month and last. Yes, my son watered while I was gone, but we also had rain which helped more than anything. The potatoes are blooming so I’ll be harvesting soon.
Garlic ready to harvest and ‘Gray’ zucchini which actually does have gray on its leaves. The grassy weeds are also difficult to fight.
I planted heirloom yellow crookneck squash and ‘Gray’ zucchini because they are considered more resistant to squash bugs. I also planted seeds of a ‘Lemon’ zucchini that was given as a bonus in an order. I inspect the plants everyday for squash bug problems. I planted the squash, melons and cucumbers in the potager this year for crop rotation.
‘Carmen’ sweet Italian frying pepper.
In the big garden is corn, okra, tomatoes, eggplant and hot peppers. Italian frying peppers are isolated from the hot peppers in case I want to save seed. I also planted some zinnias and sunflowers in the larger garden for beauty and to attract pollinators and other beneficial insects.
One of the sunflowers in the Drop Dead Read collection from Botanical Interests seeds.
I had an infestation of striped potato beetles on my eggplant. I picked them off for two weeks, but I finally decided to spray them with pyrethrum. I waited until there were no other insects on the plants, and I only sprayed what was needed directly on the potato beetles. I hated to spray even though pyrethrum is organic, because it is a broad spectrum insecticide. I try never to use even organic insecticides unless I must. I did save the eggplants which are already looking better this morning.
The jungle, a/k/a the large veggie garden. It is full of tomatoes, hot peppers, green pole beans, sunflowers, zinnias, eggplant, corn and okra.
Well, that’s it in this report from Oklahoma. What do you have growing in your garden this month? Join our Garden Club and tell us what you’ve got growing.
My son smoothing soil after planting garlic. You get good soil from adding compost and manure to your garden.
I really hesitated writing this post, but my thoughts and reservations about Miracle-Gro® have percolated for years. It’s now time to write about this blue/green brew. Let’s begin with a conversation I have with nearly every gardener I meet. It usually goes something like this:
Gardener pats the soil. “The [insert plant] is planted. I’ll just come back later and give it some Miracle-Gro®. Right?”
“Well, I wouldn’t. I never use Miracle-Gro®.”
Gardener, with a confused look, “Doesn’t the plant need to be fed?”
“Maybe not. How’s your soil? Have you tested it?”
“Test my soil? Why and how would I do that?”
Me, mentally banging my head against the garden fence. “We don’t feed plants. We nurture the soil in which they grow. Testing your soil shows whether it has the right balance of nutrients and its texture from clay, silt, sand or more likely, a mixture of the three. Contact your local Cooperative Extension Service. These nice folks will help you with everything you need to complete a soil test.”
The conversation either ends with the gardener thanking me, or with them drifting away still determined to drench their plants with this chemical fertilizer. Miracle-Gro®, often overused, leaches nitrogen and phosphorous into storm drains where it eventually meets up with ponds and ground water. Too much nitrogen and phosphorous causes algae bloom and is called nutrient pollution. Many soils already have plenty of potassium and phosphorous so they may not need more, and both nutrients remain in soil for a long period of time. So, test your soil before using any fertilizer.
Miracle-Gro® has an N-P-K ratio of 24-.8-16 for the single packet serving you mix and spray or drench. The Scotts Miracle-Gro Company (Scotts) also makes other formulations along with potting soils and other products like Osmocote®–which I also don’t use–but today, I’m only focusing upon their liquid fertilizer. The nitrogen, potassium and phosphate are derived from ammonium sulphate (ammonia treated with sulfuric acid and often a by product of coal production), potassium phosphate, potassium chloride, urea and urea phosphate. This is information I gleaned from the label online.
My shredded leaf piles that I use for mulch and as a compost starter.
As a group, Americans hardly know where our food comes from anymore, and the idea that we need a fluorescent fertilizer to grow plants is yet another way we’ve been manipulated. Does Miracle-Gro® work? Yes, I suppose it does, but at what cost? Instead of dosing our plants with fertilizer, shouldn’t we enrich our soil and help earthworms and other beneficials in the bargain?
The potager last fall. You don’t need Miracle-Gro®.
The thing I hate most about Miracle-Gro® isn’t that their parent company, Scotts is aligned with Monsanto–although that makes my skin crawl–it’s that Scotts made a fortune making gardeners feel they need glow-in-the-dark fertilizer to grow. Scotts has unleashed a variety of commercials on the public. They have products to sell, but you don’t have to buy them. An early commercial I remember showed a dingy gardener with a dead plant. The idea was that if only the gardener had used Miracle-Gro®, their plant would have lived and thrived. Later commercials compared a normal plant in a pot with one that appeared to be pumped up on steroids. The steroid hopping plant was–you guessed it–given Miracle-Gro®. Egad, do we want our plants to look like they went to the gym and lifted heavy things? I know I don’t.
However, Scotts’ newest commercials irk me the most. One shows two Millennials growing their first garden. They are treated like idiots, and trust me, the most educated group of people on the planet isn’t dumb. The couple talks about how their plants died until they found Miracle-Gro®. It also shows them spraying it on everything like it’s just water. Their newest commercial incarnation is called “Grow Something Greater.” I’m not going to link to it because I don’t want to give it more page views. It’s smart, and the company did its marketing by tapping into things Millennials care about including doing something greater. The commercial shows 20-30 Somethings eating with each other in celebration. They show flirting. They show herbs on a fence. Don’t fall for it.
If you believe Miracle-Gro®, my grandparents wouldn’t have been able to feed themselves without it. I promise you they did. My grandmother never talked to me about feeding plants. She did speak a lot about the soil as she ran it through her fingers testing its texture.
If your soil is well and healthy, your plants will be too. Think of plants as people for a moment. We know that if we eat salad, complex carbohydrates and protein while limiting our sugar intake, we are usually healthy. A body with a healthy immune system is able to fight off viruses and bad bacteria. Sure, we sometimes need an antibiotic, but we shouldn’t use them all the time. Furthermore, being loaded up on steroids, i.e., too much fertilizer makes us sick. Steroids lower our immune system’s ability to fight infection and viruses. Plants are not so different. They need the best soil to stay their healthiest. I’m not saying they never need fertilizer, but the truth is, they don’t need much–unless you’re growing in containers that leach out nutrients when you water. I use alfalfa, manure and mixed organic fertilizers when needed, but these vitamins are made with ingredients that break down and enrich the soil naturally. Good soil full of compost and beneficial fungi helps your plants fight off infections and viruses. Any fertilizer is simply a vitamin pill.
Making manure tea.
My gardens look healthy and happy without a bit of Miracle-Gro®. I haven’t used it since I was a new gardener over 32 years ago. Yes, I used it then because I thought I had to. I guess that’s why I’m on such a rant. You see, Miracle-Gro® made me feel as if I needed them when I was only nineteen years old, and my grandmother lived far away. It was only after I learned more about gardening that I realized the quickest solution isn’t always the best. If you want to use a foliar or liquid drench fertilizer, use something good for your plants and your soil like Authentic Haven Brand Moo Poo tea, or John’s Recipe™ by Ladybug Natural Brand™. You can also make your own manure tea. I show you how in the book. You don’t need Miracle-Gro®, and they don’t need real gardeners either.
Let’s throw confetti and blow our party horns! For the book launch, we’re having a huge garden party, and the prizes are all for you. I wrote this book because I think 20-30 Somethings want to garden. They just don’t know where to start. They know good food when they see it, but so many think gardening requires a large space and budget. You don’t have to move to the country to garden. You just need a garden coach.
Trust me, you can grow a lot of vegetables, flowers and herbs in a few beds or even in containers on your balcony. And, it won’t take that much of a time investment.
If you don’t have any experience, don’t worry. Gardening may look mysterious, but it’s simply a skill like cooking, crafting or baking that must be learned. The magic happens after you plant that seed. Imagine me on the sidelines cheering for you from every page. Click through and look at the book to see if it’s right for you. I want to give you the tools to garden effectively along with the ability to slow down and ponder. I hope by writing this book I’ll plant seeds because without gardeners like you, we won’t have nearly as much beauty in our world.
Oh, and one more thing, this book is for anyone who is a novice gardener, no matter what our age is. We are all 20-30 Somethings in our hearts anyway.
I’d love to go along with you on your garden journey, and I’m here to answer questions every step of the way. Please feel free to comment here or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. You can also visit me over at Red Dirt Ramblings.
You’ve heard enough from me. I want you to know The 20-30 Something Garden Guide through twelve of my blogger friends, and they have prizes galore for you. To enter, simply leave a comment on the individual blogs. This giveaway runs through February 23 at Midnight, and it is only open to citizens of the continental United States. We’ll announce the winners on Monday, February 24. We have twelve wonderful bloggers from all over the U.S. just waiting to hear from you. Without further ado, here they are:
Closeup of orange tree in Rebecca Sweet’s front yard.
I often dream in watercolor landscapes scented with bright notes of blood oranges and Meyer lemons. In these fantasies, I grow citrus and let their juices dance the tango upon my tongue. Glasses are filled with clinking ice cubes and tawny iced tea or even Orangina. Lemon tarts, lemon squares, orange marmalade cream cake, blood orange cheesecake, beet salad with orange segments…the possibilities are endless in my reveries.
In my dreams, there are no food allergies like wheat and dairy. Even when I wake, I’m already thinking of how to make these foods gluten and casein free. I often do. Part of what makes all food good is freshness, and there’s nothing fresher than your own orange tree.
I took the beautiful photo, above at my friend, Rebecca Sweet’s house when the Garden Bloggers Fling visited California. Seeing it the other day made me sad I don’t live in a mediterranean or tropical climate. The windswept prairie is where I call home, and isn’t it always the gardener’s lament that we can’t grow certain things in our climate? Don’t we always try to stretch our hardiness zones? Sometimes, this stretching results in failure and hurt feelings, but other times, it can be a wonderful surprise.
Lime tree in a heavy glazed container.
In the center of the U.S. citrus, of course, isn’t grown as a backyard tree. Still, it can be grown successfully even here. Let me explain how.
Find a sunny spot in your yard. Citrus likes full sun and needs at least eight hours to produce plenty of fruit.
Use a heavy container to keep your citrus grounded even in high winds. This glazed pot is ideal.
Protect your citrus tree from high winds that will tear its beautiful leaves and knock off fruit. Plan where you’ll overwinter your plant before cold temperatures arrive. Planning ahead is always a good idea. It will need to reside indoors, or in a lightly heated hoop house or greenhouse before winter. Keep your hand cart or dolly handy for that move too. Heavy pots aren’t fun come moving day, but this one is important to our success.
Arrange for some type of watering. I think drip irrigation is easiest and best. You want to go on vacation don’t you?
Use good potting soil that drains well. This and water are probably the most important aspects of this project.
One more thing . . . the book is off to the printer. Now the real fun begins. Don’t forget that many more tips, ideas and garden plans are in my guide. I hope you’ll enjoy it.